The Visual Resources Association is an international association of image media professionals. It is a multi-disciplinary organization dedicated to furthering research and education in the field of image management within the educational, cultural heritage, and commercial environments. Through collaboration, partnership, and outreach with the broader information management and educational communities, the Association actively supports the primacy of visual information in documenting and understanding humanity’s shared cultural experience.


VRA Online is the host site of the Visual Resources Association Bulletin. Research and intellectual output included here was submitted by the Association, VRA members, or other information professionals, and selected by the Editors of the VRA Bulletin.


The Visual Resources Association Bulletin is now a fully open access journal, which means that all materials distributed online are completely free to access by readers upon publication. The costs of publication are borne by the Visual Resources Association and its members or by the authors or their funders through a publication fee to support the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.